Jane Doe : “I have an 8 year-old daughter with Down syndrome and she has full inclusion at x school”.
The above statement runs rampant in several Facebook groups related to Down syndrome or special needs. The introduction includes the kid’s name, age, and if they have full inclusion at their school. Well, you only list their schooling if they are in full inclusion. If it is partial inclusion or full seclusion, forget about mentioning it to the masses.
Now, say that you are to introduce yourself in a Facebook group:
Johnny Appleseed: “I live in Austin, TX and I graduated summa cum laude from an Ivy League school.”
What is that??? Seems pretty pompous, right? Bragging. Snooty. Gives an air of superiority. Leaving people wondering why on earth this person is announcing their credentials during a basic introduction. It isn’t like you all asked where this person went to school!
How is Jane Doe’s introduction of her daughter any different? It isn’t. Why do some parents feel the need to take on their child’s school placement as a badge of honor? What if you kiddo spends 50% of their time in a special education classroom? Or 100% of their time fully secluded? Does that make your child “less than”? Does that mean that you are less successful?
Whether or not a child is in a fully inclusive environment or a self-contained environment doesn’t mean a whole hill of beans. Your child’s school placement is not a reflection of your self or your success as a parent. It is, therefore, not something to be touted about either. So leave it out of the introduction.
This brings me to something that has been heavy on my mind lately. It is what we as special needs parents and educators refer to as “IEP season”. IEP stands for an Individualized Education Plan. The emphasis being on Individualized as in a “not one size fits all”. You will hear horror stories about schools railroading parents into placing their kids into a fully secluded classroom because that is just “what they do with all kids who have a disability”. You will also hear about wonderful teachers who truly want what is best for these kiddos and will fight tooth and nail to get that child what she needs. You will hear about LRE [least restrictive environment], which is truly open to interpretation by the parents and by the schools as well as mainstreaming and inclusion. However, this post in not about the schools or school placement or LRE-that is a whole other blog post. This is about the parents. How parents are treating other parents when it comes to educating their child with special needs.
Facebook can be a great source of support for parents, but it can also be a place of shame. Arguments are popping up like dandelions all over my newsfeed and it makes me sad.
There are two schools of thought:
- You should fight for total inclusion and if your child isn’t in a general education classroom with /without support, you are doing a disservice to your child. You are not setting them up for success. You are not fighting hard enough. Or your school isn’t good enough and is breaking a gazillion laws.
- You are being completely unrealistic if you think your child will thrive in 100% inclusion. She has a cognitive disability. She needs to be pulled out for more 1:1 education or she will otherwise sit in the back of the classroom not learning and will be disruptive.
Oh Wow! Damned if you do and damned if you don’t.
There is not legal definition of what exactly “Inclusion” entails. No step by step direction on how schools must implement inclusion along with LRE. This can be a great source of anxiety as well and frustration for us parents. We need each other’s support, not shame.
First, a brief breakdown of terminology:
Full inclusion is a child being included 100% in the general education classroom with typically developing peers. Inclusion for many may look like having a 1:1 aide or an aide amongst 3 kids with special needs, or moderate classroom adaptions. Among parents, it is often pushed as the gold standard for special education. Maybe it is the gold standard, maybe it isn’t. That isn’t what this post is about. The biggest complaint among parents is that the schools will not help their children be fully included in every general education class. That some of these schools look at the disability label of their child and put her into this little box saying that she need to have her education in the X classroom.
Full Seclusion involves a special education classroom with all kids who have special needs. It is full seclusion when there is no time spent in the general education classroom. This is something that many of us parent struggle with. There are several studies that do not support this type of academic setting. Children need to be included with their typically developing peers — this is to the benefit of BOTH those who have special needs and those typically developing kiddos. However, there are some parents who know that their child will thrive if the majority of their time is spent in this type of setting.
Then there are the in-betweens - also referred as mainstreaming or partial inclusion — spending most of the time in the general education classroom with “pull outs” into a resource room or the spec ed classroom for more 1:1 teaching on specific subjects. i. e. “Sally will spend x minutes in the general education classroom with pull outs for Math”. Or you can have the opposite where the majority of the time, the child is in a special education classroom and is “pushed in” the general education classroom for certain subjects. For instance, “Ellie will spend most of her time in her Functional Academic Classroom [FAC - spec ed classroom] with push-ins for art, music, social studies, and science.” When she is pushed in, she will have an aide accompany her for added support.
|I will always fight for my little Bear.|
I know that many of you reading this have an idea on what educational setting that I described above is ideal for your child and some of you are not sure - either way, that is okay! Just please, this is NOT about the school system and these different classrooms or what the school is/isn't providing your child— like I said, that is a whole other blog post. It is how the parents behave towards other parents. It is about needing to support each other as we try to navigate the complex maze of the school system in working towards enabling our children to learn in the best way possible while developing healthy peer relationships.
There are SO MANY ways to help a child reach her maximum potential. Each child is an individual and as such there is no “magic” school setting that is best for every single child. Rather, the setting must be adapted for each child; catering to her strengths, weakness, and learning style. What am I saying here? Let us stop belittling parents for the choices they make. Let us stop shaming parents when they decide they need to go up against the school and fight for what their child needs — whether it be full inclusion, full seclusion, going to their home school, or going to a “better” school 20 minutes away. Let us no longer tell a parent that they are “not doing enough” or that they are “setting their child up for failure” or that they are "being unrealistic" because their child’s education plan doesn’t match your child’s or is what your idea of a perfect IEP is. They are doing the best that they can. They want the same thing as you — what is best for their child. Instead, can we all just support each other? Say “I have been through this too and it is exhausting and draining. You need to do what is best for your child individually and I will support you.”